During the night of 16–17 June, Vlad broke into the Ottoman camp in an attempt to capture or kill the sultan. In other words, when referring to the fantastic character ”Count Dracula” we have to draw a parallel to the Romanian ruler known under all these names: Vlad III, Dracul, Dracula, DrÄculea, ÈepeÈ. Vlad’s apparel, just as Dracula’s, was extremely elegant, predominantly red with a black cape upon which the crest was embroidered.  This sobriquet is connected to the impalement that was his favorite method of execution. , The Ottoman fleet landed at Brăila (which was the only Wallachian port on the Danube) in May. , Vlad III is known as Vlad Țepeș (or Vlad the Impaler) in Romanian historiography. He was released at the request of Stephen III of Moldavia in the summer of 1475. The name “Dracul(a)” is taken from his father’s name, Vlad Dracul, the particle “a” being used in Romanian language in order to indicate the son of somebody (the son of Dracul in this particular case). Nephew of the great Romanian ruler Mircea the Elder and member of the House of DrÄculeÈti, Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Draculea) was born in 1431 in Sighisoara and spent the first years of his life in Transylvania and Hungary. ... [Vlad] had a big copper cauldron built and put a lid made of wood with holes in it on top.  Dan III stated that Vlad had Saxon merchants and their children impaled or burnt alive in Wallachia..  Vlad found out the sultan's "deceit and trickery", captured Hamza and Katabolinos, and had them executed.  In response, Vlad "ransacked and tortured" some Saxon merchants, according to a letter that Basarab Laiotă (a son of Dan II of Wallachia) wrote on 21 January 1459. Transylvania World wants to clarify once and for all the difference between the historical character Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Draculea) and the fantastic character Dracula.  The manuscripts were written in Russian, but they copied a text that had originally been recorded in a South Slavic language, because they contain expressions alien to the Russian language but used in South Slavic idioms (such as diavol for "evil").  He was crowned before 26 November.  For instance, Stoker wrote that Dracula had been of Székely origin only because he knew about both Attila the Hun's destructive campaigns and the alleged Hunnic origin of the Székelys.  He himself signed his two letters as "Dragulya" or "Drakulya" in the late 1470s. The sultan's army entered into the area of the impalements, which was seventeen stades long and seven stades wide.  He had to accept that the Ottomans had captured the fortress of Giurgiu on the Danube and strengthened it. , The nineteen anecdotes in the Skazanie are longer than the German stories about Vlad.  However, the Wallachians "missed the court of the sultan himself" and attacked the tents of the viziers Mahmut Pasha and Isaac. Vlad’s brilliant mind and sturdy personality are part of Dracula’s characteristics, the book mentioning as well the House of DrÄculeÈti and the Romanian leader’s bravery.  He informed Matthias Corvinus about the military action in a letter on 11 February 1462. Vlad the Impaler is introduced by Transylvania World as a key element of the Transylvania brand, due to his historical significance, his connections with the supernatural and not least due to the majestic medieval aura surrounding him. Transylvania World focuses on Vlad the Impaler’s stout character and strong personality, mentioning that a threat of the Ottoman Empire’s magnitude could not have been dealt with without a leader with the Romanian lord’s qualities.  He described Vlad as "a man of unheard cruelty and justice".  Stephen of Moldavia was wounded during the siege of Chilia and returned to Moldavia before Vlad came to the fortress. Hunyadi launched a military campaign against the Ottomans in the autumn of 1448, and Vladislav accompanied him. If he returns from the war we will meet him and we will make peace with him. 0 0.  On the other hand, Mehmed had granted Wallachia to Vlad's brother, Radu, before the invasion of Wallachia, showing that the sultan's principal purpose was only the change of the ruler of Wallachia.  Bonfini's stories about Vlad were repeated in Sebastian Münster's Cosmography. The name “Dracul(a)” comes from the Romanian lord Vlad III Dracul, Vlad the Impaler’s father.  Vlad also broke into Transylvania and plundered the villages around Brașov and Sibiu. Deceased persons do not fall within the scope of these legal provisions.  The lists of the members of the princely council during Vlad's reign also show that only two of them (Voico Dobrița and Iova) were able to retain their positions between 1457 and 1461.  Michael Szilágyi allowed the boyar Michael (an official of Vladislav II of Wallachia) and other Wallachian boyars to settle in Transylvania in late March 1458.  When a group of soldiers broke into the house while pursuing a thief who had tried to hide there, Vlad had their commander executed because they had not asked his permission before entering his home, according to the Slavic stories about his life.  Stoker had his attention drawn to the blood-sucking vampires of Romanian folklore by Emily Gerard's article about Transylvanian superstitions (published in 1885).  Vlad and Radu accompanied their father to the Ottoman Empire, where they were all imprisoned. There were infants too affixed to their mothers on the stakes, and birds had made their nests in their entrails. Mehmed launched a campaign against Wallachia to replace Vlad with Vlad's younger brother, Radu. Nonetheless, by the time Stoker wrote the novel, stories of Vlad’s cruelty had pervaded culture.  He urges Vlad to return from the grave and to annihilate the enemies of the Romanian nation:.  His name had its origin in the sobriquet of his father, Vlad Dracul ("Vlad the Dragon" in medieval Romanian), who received it after he became a member of the Order of the Dragon.  According to one of Beheim's stories, Vlad had two monks impaled to assist them to go to heaven, also ordering the impalement of their donkey because it began braying after its masters' death. The sultan was seized with amazement and said that it was not possible to deprive of his country a man who had done such great deeds, who had such a diabolical understanding of how to govern his realm and its people.    Mehmed sent his envoy, the Greek Thomas Katabolinos (also known as Yunus bey), to Wallachia, ordering Vlad to come to Constantinople. , Matthias Corvinus came to Transylvania in November 1462. Transylvania World points out that Vlad’s stout and rigid personality was absolutely essential in order to lead a country in those dark times.Â This is the starting point for his centuries lasting erroneous portrayal.  Mehmed entered Târgoviște at the end of June.  He associates the author of the forgery with a Saxon priest of Brașov. On one hand associated with the fantastic character Dracula and on another with the impalement method of execution, Vlad the Impaler was wrongly depicted for centuries, the historical truth being far different from his tyrant-like image. Consequently, Stoker borrowed the name and "scraps of miscellaneous information" about the history of Wallachia when writing his book about Count Dracula.  The size of the army suggests that the sultan wanted to occupy Wallachia, according to a number of historians (including Franz Babinger, Radu Florescu, and Nicolae Stoicescu).  They provide a detailed narration of the conflicts between Vlad and the Transylvanian Saxons, showing that they originated "in the literary minds of the Saxons". The babies fought for their lives at their mother's breasts until they died. In this regard, a Venetian envoy said that the whole of Christianity should celebrate the Romanian’s victory. He also spoke fluent Slavic, German, Turkish and Latin.  The town had been deserted, but the Ottomans were horrified to discover a "forest of the impaled" (thousands of stakes with the carcasses of executed people), according to Chalkokondyles.. , Stories about Vlad's brutal acts began circulating during his lifetime.   . " Historian Constantin Rezachevici said Vlad was most probably buried in the first church of the Comana Monastery, which had been established by Vlad and was near the battlefield where he was killed. [Vlad] was not very tall, but very stocky and strong, with a cold and terrible appearance, a strong and aquiline nose, swollen nostrils, a thin and reddish face in which the very long eyelashes framed large wide-open green eyes; the bushy black eyebrows made them appear threatening. McNally.  She was the widow of Vencel Pongrác of Szentmiklós when "Ladislaus Dragwlya" married her, most probably in 1475.  As he was old enough to be a candidate to the throne of Wallachia in 1448, his time of birth would have been between 1428 and 1431.  The burghers of Sibiu supported another pretender, "a priest of the Romanians who calls himself a Prince's son".  Radu sent messengers to the Wallachians, reminding them that the sultan could again invade their country. The derivations “Dracul(a)” or “DrÄcul(ea)”, with the end particles ”a” and ”ea”, stand for the son’s family name, both of them being used throughout his lifetime.  Vlad moved to Transylvania in June 1475.  The picture depicts "a strong, cruel, and somehow tortured man" with "large, deep-set, dark green, and penetrating eyes", according to Florescu. Vlad plundered the Saxon villages, taking the captured people to Wallachia where he had them impaled (which inspired his cognomen). According to the genealogy, the tenth generation before Queen Mary, Elizabeth II’s grandmother, descends from the House of DrÄculeÈti, more precisely from Vlad III the Monk, Vlad the Impaler’s stepbrother.   .  Before long, he was taken to Visegrád, where he was held for fourteen years. An essential aspect is the fact that Vlad the Impaler never lived in the popular Transylvanian Bran Castle.     . , Vlad's eldest son, Mihnea, was born in 1462. A year later, Vlad the Impaler went back to seize … Major children and living persons must directly contact the owner of this family tree.  Some elements of the anecdotes were later added to Russian stories about Ivan the Terrible of Russia. , Ladislaus V of Hungary had Ladislaus Hunyadi executed on 16 March 1457.  Vlad also departed for Chilia, but left behind a troop of 6,000 strong to try to hinder the march of the sultan's army, but the Ottomans defeated the Wallachians. , Vlad II Dracul seized Wallachia after the death of his half-brother Alexander I Aldea in 1436.  Dracula is the Slavonic genitive form of Dracul, meaning "[the son] of Dracul (or the Dragon)". , The stories about Vlad's plundering raids in Transylvania were clearly based on an eyewitness account, because they contain accurate details (including the lists of the churches destroyed by Vlad and the dates of the raids). Vlad the Impaler’s father obtained the family name ”Dracul” as he was accepted into the Order of the Dragon, order in which his son was subsequently included as well.Transylvania World points out an extremely important aspect â the word ”Dracul” does not originate from the Romanian word ”Devil” (literal translation of ”dracul”).  .  The events of his life during the years that followed are unknown. The nameÂ “Dracula” comes from the Romanian lord Vlad Dracul, father of Vlad the Impaler, as the Romanian language uses the particles ”a”, ”ea”, ”lea” sau ”escu” at the end of proper names, when referring to “the son of” (in this instance, the son of Dracul). The Romanian leader was not in the least a tyrant.  According to an opinion poll conducted in 1999, 4.1% of the participants chose Vlad the Impaler as one of "the most important historical personalities who have influenced the destiny of the Romanians for the better".
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