Let me help you to become a successful teacher, working abroad or online from home. These are some of the first things a student will learn on their English journey. It is worth setting these students essay questions for homework on a regularly basis and getting them to use the passive voice in their answers. You can plan worksheets beforehand to work through and these can also be used to set homework. The aim is to find out what the person being interviewed “likes to do”. To the south we can see a football stadium. : Quoting speech, “He said ‘hello’.” / “She said she would text me.” / I said that yesterday.”. At this point you can introduce sentences where one is a preferable choice: You can explain the situations where gerunds are prefered and situations where to-infinitives are preferred. They are not arbitrary systems imagined out of thin air. Yesterday was the 11th of August. It is important for you to break the mold and allow your great grammar lessons to captivate and inspire your ESL students to get the best results from them. That being said, some variety is still needed to keep them interested but there is less pressure in this area than with children. Let’s have a look at some “survival tips” to help you and your students navigate the jungle that is English grammar. Sign up now to secure a huge discount on the accredited 120-hours online TEFL training by Let’s TEFL. Seeing these adverbs used in context will be very useful and getting the students to identify which type of adverb is being used in a sentence will also help get them to think about their own word order. : When something is done to the subject. It’s a good idea to take things slowly and lay the groundwork. Lesson 4. Teaching adults with regards to grammar can sometimes be easier. Browse our archive of grammar worksheets here on JIMMYESL. Ask a student from group 1 to take one card and read the rule aloud. They eat (-)plants and drink (-)water from (-)oases”. In English there are certain rules that have to be obeyed though such as: We can also open things up by talking about topics such as compound nouns, collective nouns as well as abstract nouns. Photocopy a page from a book or a newspaper. Cross out or blank out all the articles in the text with a pen/white out. Explaining the long list of rules about articles to English students is easy but boring. The students have to put the articles back in where they think they should go. Such creative activities! The following may be a useful template to begin with: Lesson 1. I like how they provide plenty of opportunities to practice using the articles since there are many details to be aware of! As they both have the same ending it is easy for students to get the two confused. As well as referring to the animals themselves it can be used to refer to environments and food sources. One thing that needs to be known before we start teaching grammar is what the students actually know. The second group chooses a card and the game goes on. This is designed to test “to-infinitives” so make sure the students use the “to verb” format in their answers. Relative clauses can be a messy area. Referring to singular nouns for the first time and thereafter: Present a picture and write a description similar to the following: “Here is a picture. To reinforce these points you can set homework (such as essay questions) that are designed to get the student to use the taught grammar. When teaching children, a big challenge is engagement. The following teaching strategies suggested are ous grammar books and journals on the teaching of English grammar articles. “I want to go.” / “He needs to do his homework.” / “She has to buy a ticket.”. A simple way to teach this is to have the students discuss jobs they do, their parents do, or that they would like to do. Students then try to write the correct articles above the gaps. After using some of these 33 strategies and activities, don’t be surprised if you’re soon being harassed by other teachers who want to know your secrets! As it is likely to be children you are teaching, it may help to be a little more interactive and use props to help engage them in the lesson. In the centre of the city, there are a lot of skyscrapers”. The difference with this game is that we have to use a relative clause in our questions. These descriptions, either written or presented can then be contrasted to a specific animal, for example, one shown in a documentary. Most languages will have an equivalent so it is quite an easy concept to grasp. Using articles for anaphoric, cataphoric and exophoric referencing, Did you like this grammar explanation? For a native English speaker who uses articles without ever having consciously considered the governing rules, explaining how they are used correctly can be a frustrating experience. The idea is that a student who engages in this way is more likely to understand and retain a particular point. After they have a few answers, students swap roles. We start with specific examples such as sentences that all use a particular grammar point. These are good to teach at the same time. Regularly recap what has been learnt by listing areas of article use and asking for examples. you can unsubscribe at any time. : Actions and when they happen in time. *, Using articles for anaphoric, cataphoric and exophoric referencing, free grammar worksheets, games and activities, Passengers – a personalised listening activity, We have mentioned this person/thing before and so there is. Jobs: When talking about a person’s job, the indefinite article is usually used. Another issue can come from the mindset of the students. Let’s have a look at how it works. “(-)Camels live in (-)hot, desert areas. Whether you’re new to teaching English (ESL) or are just looking for new ways to keep things fresh in the classroom, there is something in this guide about teaching grammar for everyone. Start with several pictures of common objects. It’s important to show why these are useful and why someone would want to use these. It is by learning the most common uses of articles that they will be able to eliminate the bulk of their errors. Now that we have gone over an overview of grammar overall, it’s time to look at the methods of delivery for each specific area. The student is given a test designed to test them on a variety of different grammar points. What are causative verbs? Explain that they should not become discouraged if they make mistakes, but focus on recognizing common patterns of use before moving on to more uncommon ones. You will receive emails from JIMMYESL. Have student 1 say a sentence. Adjectives are quite straightforward. Adults tend to have a little more patience and are usually ok taking their time to focus on each point without needing a new activity every few minutes or a game to liven things up. Tomorrow will be the 13th of August”. What are verbs and verb tenses? “He suddenly woke up.” / “The car is very small.” / “She sings really well.”. It’s important to tackle common mistakes early before they become fossilized, otherwise, it can be an uphill battle! One method of teaching which has had a lot of success is teaching grammar in context. The students have a selection of faces in front of them. When tackling the topic of to-infinitives it is most likely a good idea to bring gerunds into the mix as they can sometimes act in similar ways. Say the sentences “Simon says…” and then add a phrase after it such as “jump up”. Student 1 “I spy with my little eye something beginning with ‘a’.”. For this reason it’s a good idea to teach these around the same time as singular vs plural. The car is a Honda.”. : Describing words for nouns. article identifies and discusses a number of key issues relating to the teaching of grammar in a second language (L2) and, by drawing on theory and research in SLA, suggests ways to address these problems.
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