21 June 1313 – 2 July 1346, Meißen), married at Nürnberg 1 July 1329 Friedrich II, Markgraf of Meißen (d. 1349), Louis V the Brandenburger (1316–1361), duke of Upper Bavaria, margrave of Brandenburg, count of Tyrol, Stephen II (1319–1375), duke of Lower Bavaria. The most likely choice was Frederick the Fair, the son of Henry's predecessor, Albert I, of the House of Habsburg. Originally, he was a friend of Frederick, with whom he had been raised. 25 October 1356 Eric XII of Sweden, Agnes (Munich, 1345 – 11 November 1352, Munich). Their children were: From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, For the 9th-century German ruler also called Louis the Bavarian, see, Portrait of Louis IV (on a late gothic graveplate made of red marble in 1468 by, Election as German King and conflict with Habsburg, Coronation as Holy Roman Emperor and conflict with the Pope. Louis IV (German: Ludwig; 1 April 1282 – 11 October 1347), called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was King of the Romans from 1314, King of Italy from 1327, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1328. In reaction, the pro-Luxemburg party among the prince electors now settled for Louis as their candidate to prevent Frederick's election. Louis' sudden death in October 1347 avoided a longer civil war. Louis himself obtained much support from the Imperial Free Cities and the knights and successfully resisted Charles, who was widely regarded as a papal puppet ("rex clericorum" as William of Ockham called him). Despite Louis' victory, Pope John XXII still refused to ratify his election, and in 1324 he excommunicated Louis, but the sanction had less effect than in earlier disputes between emperors and the papacy.
Louis IV - Louis IV - Acceptance of the imperial crown: When Duke Leopold died in February 1326, Louis boldly opposed the pope in Italy itself. Louis also allied in 1337 with Edward III of England against Philip VI of France, the protector of the new Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.  Later he forbade the Order to stand trial before foreign courts in their territorial conflicts with foreign rulers. Script error: The function "getCommonsLink" does not exist. In 1333, Louis sought to counter French influence in the southwest of the empire, and offered Humbert II of Viennois the Kingdom of Arles, an opportunity to gain full authority over Savoy, Provence, and surrounding territories. Charter given by Louis to the Hospital of the Holy Spirit in Nuremberg, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Louis_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=25777, People excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. With the Treaty of Pavia in 1329 the emperor reconciled the sons of his late brother Rudolph and returned the Palatinate to his nephews Rudolf and Rupert. Charles' father John of Luxemburg was killed; Charles himself also took part in the battle but escaped. After several years of bloody war, victory finally seemed within the grasp of Frederick, who was strongly supported by his brother Leopold. John's mother, a member of the Luxemburg dynasty, had to return to Bohemia. Because of the dangerous hostility of the Luxemburgs, Louis had increased his power base ruthlessly. The expected English payments were missing and Louis intended to reach an agreement with the pope one more time. With the death of duke John I in 1340 Louis inherited Lower Bavaria and then reunited the duchy of Bavaria. This victory caused a stir within the Holy Roman Empire and increased the reputation of the Bavarian Duke. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.Louis IV of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach (born 1282) was duke of Bavaria from 1294/1301 together with his brother Rudolf I, also count of the Palatinate until 1329 and, German king since 1314 and crowned as Holy Roman Emperor in 1328. Franciscan theologians Michael of Cesena, and William of Ockham and the philosopher Marsilius of Padua, who were on bad terms with the Pope as well, joined Louis in Italy and accompanied him to his court in Munich. Louis IV was Duke of Upper Bavaria from 1294 /1301 together with his elder brother Rudolf I, served as Margrave of Brandenburg until 1323 and as Count Palatine of the Rhine until 1329, became also Duke of Lower Bavaria in 1340 and Count of Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland in 1345.
Philip had prevented any agreement between the emperor and the pope. This victory caused a stir within the Holy Roman Empire and increased the reputation of the Bavarian Duke. In 1341 Louis deserted Edward but came only temporarily to terms with Philip. In January 1328 Louis entered Rome and had himself crowned emperor by the aged senator Sciarra Colonna, called capt… This page was last modified on 12 January 2016, at 21:58. Already in 1323 Louis had sent an army to Italy to protect Milan against the Kingdom of Naples, which was together with France the strongest ally of the papacy. In 1342 Louis also acquired Tyrol for the Wittelsbach by voiding the first marriage of Margarete Maultasch with John Henry of Bohemia and marrying her to his own son Louis V, thus alienating the House of Luxemburg even more.
Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, People excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church, Charter given by Louis to the Hospital of the Holy Spirit in Nuremberg, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Louis_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor?oldid=213409, Mathilde (aft. Despite Louis' victory, Pope John XXII still refused to ratify his election, and in 1324 he excommunicated Louis, but the sanction had less effect than in earlier disputes between emperors and the papacy. In the summer of 1346 the Luxemburg Charles IV was elected rival king, with the support of Pope Clement VI.
Also the Habsburg dukes stayed loyal to Louis. In 1328 a "pope-free" imperial crown took place, while Ludwig received the imperial crown from the Roman people. After the reconciliation with the Habsburgs in 1326, Louis marched to Italy and was crowned King of Italy in Milan in 1327. However, Frederick's army was decisively defeated in the Battle of Mühldorf on 28 September 1322 on the Ampfing Heath, where Frederick and 1300 nobles from Austria and Salzburg were captured.
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