iii. And it was a custom in Israel,American King James Version×). Things will work initially, but over time you'll forget the deal you made.
He was a man of faith even though he was a rough character. Notice how the writer of Judges constructed these first11verses parallel to Judges 10:6-16. First, let's note that Jephthah was making a conditional vow with God. Used by Permission. a. Had he obeyed the Word of God he could have avoided sacrificing his daughter. "Although the present story ends with the death of the young girl, her father is the tragic figure, presenting a pathetic picture of stupidity, brutality, ambition, and self-centeredness. "The making of the vow is an act of unfaithfulness.
But if, indeed, Jephthah's daughter was sacrificed in gruesome and flagrant disobedience to God, this added statement about knowing no man would seem to be superfluous and inane; it only appears to make sense if she continued in a state of celibacy after Jephthah fulfilled his vow. Numbers 22-24).
 So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it? About this commentary: Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. It had been approximately300 years since the Israelites had defeated Sihon and captured Heshbon (in1406 B.C.). Thus in relation to the making of the vow, we have shewn, that no good man would make such a vow as this is supposed to be; that, if made, the law admitted of an exchange; and that the terms used on the occasion do not imply that she should be put to death.]. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. And now the LORD God of Israel has dispossessed the Amorites from before His people Israel; should you then possess it? He was shocked and deeply grieved that his daughter was the one who came out to meet him, stating that this had brought him very low (verse 35). Judges 11. 1) What are some other Scripture passages that urge us to count the cost? This explanation, however, has left out the possibility of an unclean animal, such as a dog, coming out.
With his vow he sought to secure his present, but through it he ended up sacrificing his future. The responses to these arguments that critics of this view have made are as follows. 27:2–13, but for an adult female, it was thirty shekels of silver. Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) /. The meaning of his words is doubt, not faith; it is control, not courage. This makes it in the highest degree improbable that he should, in the very heat of the quarrel, have gone into the heart of that tribe to offer such a sacrifice, even had it been lawful. But, we say again, that there is not the smallest intimation that the Spirit of God did give any such order to him: nor can we conceive that if, for the trial of his faith, God had given it, he would have ever suffered it to be carried into execution; but would rather have interposed to prevent it, as he did in the case of Isaac. We know of nothing, and must sit down resigned in our ignorance. The only thing that prevented that tragedy was the intervention of the Israelites. On the contrary we affirm, that the terms used by Jephthah do not imply any such thing. This story reminds me of a theme that is common in western movies. Nor does he speak with any confidence at all in himself. Judges 11:1-3). from his brethren (KJV): Heb. Yet we think the inference fair, that children, both sons and daughters, were occasionally dedicated by Jewish parents to the perpetual service of God at the tabernacle or temple, as we know was the case with Samuel, though he, in after life, seems to have obtained a dispensation from the vow of his mother.
These arguments, we grant, would have no weight against an express declaration of Holy Writ: but it is no-where said, that such a vow as doomed her to death was ever made. 20:10-11. d. Until the Middle Ages this was the uniform interpretation of the commentators.
To be unwedded and childless was deemed a great calamity and reproach (compare Isa. In confirmation of this opinion, we would call your attention to the particular circumstances of the vow: [In opposition to the idea of his offering her up for a burnt-offering, we say, that No pious man would have made such a vow. But what particular custom is alluded to, whether that of dedicating maidens to God, as Gusset supposes, or that of going at stated times to commemorate the fate of Jephthah’s daughter, as others contend, is not clear. Jephthah traveled through Gilead, in the tribal territory of Gad, and eastern Prayer of Manasseh , to the north, recruiting soldiers. .
God did not need that bargain to aid Jephthah. c. This could be the first human sacrifice the Israelites offered that God recorded in Scripture. 21:16, 17; Lev 6:3, 5; 2Sa 2:19): and in the margin of our Bibles it is so translated in the very passage before us. This land, before the conquests of Sihon and Og, belonged partly to the Ammonites, and partly to the Moabites. You can check these in your browser security settings.
Heb.  But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
Judges 11:4-11 The terms of agreement. Now immediately after the conclusion of the war with the Ammonites, we find Jephthah engaged in a bitter war with the Ephraimites. (Acts 21:23, 24). Bible Gateway Recommends. But Mr. Poole thinks the story of Agamemnon's offering up Iphigenia took its rise from this.  And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel me out of my father's house? ., pp367-68; McCann, p84; Howard, p117; Robert B. Chisholm Jeremiah , "The Ethical Challenge of Jephthah"s Fulfilled Vow," Bibliotheca Sacra167:668 (October-December2010):404-22; et al.]. go and go down, did with (KJV): That Jephthah did not sacrifice his daughter, but consecrated her to the service of God in the tabernacle, in a state of celibacy, will we imagine be evident from the following consideration:--1.
Will you focus on your family and raise up a godly line of believers who will transfer truth of next generation? Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. The whole narrative affords nothing more obscure and remarkable than this request. True indeed it is, that if her father’s conduct was wrong in making the vow, hers, when viewed intrinsically in itself, could not be right in concurring in it; the same moral character would attach to both; but it were vain to expect that her knowledge in such a matter would go beyond that of her father. Would he not have been glad enough to pay thirty shekels, about 3l. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com.  That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year. First, he could have ignored the vow and taken the consequences on himself, making himself the victim of his own folly. It is really strange, that, when so easy and obvious a translation occurs, any one should prefer one so replete with difficulties, as that which has been usually received. The dates of the Philistine oppression are important because they provide a framework for the ministries of Eli and Samuel as well as Samson. First, notice that it is a conditional vow (if...then). The daughter of Jephthah — It is really astonishing, that the general stream of commentators, should take it for granted, that Jephthah murdered his daughter!
Went out — When he made excursions and attempts upon the enemy. 2 Kings 3:27).
The meaning of his words is doubt, not faith; it is control, not courage. 1 Thess. date of the Exodus usually take the300 years as a round number indicating several generations, as they also interpret 1 Kings 6:1, or as a total of overlapping periods. He speaks not with confidence of his success, knowing how justly God might suffer the Ammonites to prevail for the further punishment of Israel. It is good, in a fair morning, to think of the storm that may arise are night, and to enjoy both good and evil fearfully.’—Bp. Where this was the case with youthful females, it is probable the custom obtained of their retiring for a season in groups from domestic scenes to sequestered places, in token of regret at being thereby excluded the privilege of a place among the ancestors of the future generations of Israel, and perhaps of the Messiah. i. (Judges 11 Commentary), (Judges 11:36) And she said unto him, My father, (if) thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD [JEHOVAH], do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth [compare Isaac’s submission to his father (Gen. 22:7, 9); filial obedience, piety, and patriotism appear in her reply]; forasmuch as the LORD [JEHOVAH] hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, (even) of the children of Ammon.
The phraseology of the original is peculiar, the verb being of the fem., the noun of the masc. If it be said, that, on a supposition she was doomed only to a state of perpetual virginity, there was no occasion for her having two months given her to bewail her fate, since she would have had her whole life wherein to bewail it; I answer, that, in the apprehension of Jewish women, it was a great calamity to be childless, since they had not the honour of increasing the number of the Lord’s people, or a hope that the Messiah might spring from them: and this was a peculiarly heavy calamity to her, because she was the only child of Jephthah (Jdg 11:34); and her doom cut her off from all prospect of raising up a seed who should inherit his honours, and follow his example. And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they defeated them. In my land - He speaks this in the name of all the people. This powerful king realized that opposing Israel in battle would be futile in view of the power of Israel"s God. Yet if there be a post of honour or profit to be obtained, how little do men in general think of the oaths by which they are to gain access to it! So the Lord — God, the sovereign Lord of all lands, hath given us this land; this he adds, as a farther and convincing reason; because otherwise it might have been alledged against the former argument, that they could gain no more right to that land from Sihon, than Sihon himself had. If only a dog had met Jephthah, would he have offered up that for a burnt-offering? If he had been called to Abraham’s trial, we may well suppose that God would have given to him the faith of Abraham; or at least, that, if he had so greatly failed in this duty, he would not have been so highly commended as an example of faith.
Moreover, such a sentence would come the nearest of any other to the letter of his vow. Many commentators object and see no other option than to say that Jephthah horribly fulfilled his vow by the human sacrifice of his own daughter.
Again, immediately after sending the ambassadors to Ammon "the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah" (verse 29).
And it became a custom in Israel. i. But if she were only doomed to a state of perpetual virginity, the reason of the expression is at once obvious. Gary Inrig points out the real tragedy was Jephthah's ignorance of the Word of God - even at this point, Jephthah’s ignorance was pernicious.
and ended the18-year Ammonite oppression ( Judges 10:8). Could he conceive that this would be pleasing to the Deity, and that such a vow as this would be likely to procure success? 23:22, 23. The choice of Jephthah as Gilead"s leader11:1-11. He has debased religion (a vow, an offering) into politics." ‘thou hast become among my troublers.’ This language might, in reality, have been more properly addressed by the daughter to her father, but his meaning obviously is, that she had innocently and involuntarily become a source of unspeakable distress to him. within that time? This chapter gives as the history of Jephthah, another of Israel’s judges, and numbered among the worthies of the Old Testament, that by faith did great things ( Heb. c. The Israelites established the feast because she so admirably submitted to the will of her father and God. -- How often it has happened that in our extremity we, like the elders of Gilead, have turned to Him whom we refused. Once God performed His part of the vow, Jephthah was bound to fulfill his part.
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